Wednesday, October 9, 2013

Freestyle Technique (SSPA Test Standard)

Freestyle Technique (Singapore Proficiency Award Standard)

  • Swim any style
  • Completely submerged for not more than 15 meters after the start and each turn.
  • Some part of the swimmer must break the surface throughout the race.
  • Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish.
  • No walking
  • No pulling of the lane rope during the race or test.


Freestyle Fina Rules 2009 -2013

SW 5.1 Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly.
SW 5.2 Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish.
SW 5.3 Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the start and each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface.



Breaststroke Technique (SSPA Test Standard)

Breaststroke Technique (Singapore Proficiency Award Standard)

  • One arm stroke completely back to the legs during which the swimmer may be submerged
  • A single Butterfly kick during the first arm stroke followed by a breaststroke kick
  • From the start and throughout the race, the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order.
  • Head break surface while hand at the widest before turn inward
  • Arms simultaneous and same plane
  • Hands pushed forward
  • Elbows under water
  • Hand brought back on or under the water
  • Hand not beyond hips
  • Legs simultaneous and same plane without alternating
  • Feet turned outwards
  • No scissors, flutter or Butterfly kick
  • Arms touch over, on or under water
  • Arms touch simultaneously


Breaststroke Fina Rules 2009 -2013

SW 7.1 After the start and after each turn, the swimmer may take one arm stroke completely back to the legs during which the swimmer may be submerged. A single butterfly kick is permitted during the first arm stroke, followed by a breaststroke kick.
Interpretation:

The first arm stroke begins with the separation of the hands. 
SW 7.2 From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and after each turn, the body shall be on the breast.  It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time.  From the start and throughout the race the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order. All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous and on the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.
Interpretation:

A pause after the separation of the hands is not a violation of the rule.
SW 7.3 The hands shall be pushed forward together from the breast on, under, or over the water. The elbows shall be under water except for the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish. The hands shall be brought back on or under the surface of the water. The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line, except during the first stroke after the start and each turn.
SW 7.4 During each complete cycle, some part of the swimmer's head must break the surface of the water. The head must break the surface of the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the second stroke. All movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and on the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.
SW 7.5 The feet must be turned outwards during the propulsive part of the kick. A scissors, flutter or downward butterfly kick is not permitted except as in SW 7.1. Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is allowed unless followed by a downward butterfly kick.
SW 7.6 At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water level. The head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch.

Backstroke Technique (SSPA Test Standard)

Backstroke Technique (Singapore Proficiency Award Standard)

  • Push off and swim on the back throughout
  • On the back throughout the race except in the Turn
  • Some part of the swimmer must break the surface throughout the race
  • Leave on the back after the start and turn
  • Some part of the body must touch the wall
  • One or double simultaneous arm during the turn
  • Finish on the back


Backstroke Fina Rules 2009 - 2013

SW 6.1 Prior to the starting signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands holding the starting grips. Standing in or on the gutter or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter is prohibited.
SW 6.2 At the signal for starting and after turning the swimmer shall push off and swim upon his back throughout the race except when executing a turn as set forth in SW 6.4. The normal position on the back can include a roll movement of the body up to, but not including 90 degrees from horizontal. The position of the head is not relevant.
SW 6.3 Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race. It is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn, at the finish and for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface.
SW 6.4 When executing the turn there must be a touch of the wall with some part of the swimmer’s body in his/her respective lane. During the turn the shoulders may be turned over the vertical to the breast after which a continuous single arm pull or a continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be used to initiate the turn. The swimmer must have returned to the position on the back upon leaving the wall.
SW 6.5 Upon the finish of the race the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back in his/her respective lane.

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Butterfly Technique (SSPA Test Standard)

Butterfly Technique (Singapore Proficiency Award Standard)

One arm pull underwater
Body on the breast
Completely submerged not more than 15 meters
Arms brought forwards together over the water and brought backwards simultaneously
Legs simultaneous
No alternate leg movement
No breaststroke kick
Two arms touch simultaneously
Arms recover above water
Arms touch over, on or under water





Butterfly Fina Rules 2009 - 2013

SW 8.1 From the beginning of the first arm stroke after the start and each turn, the body shall be kept on the breast. Under water kicking on the side is allowed. It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time.
SW 8.2 Both arms shall be brought forward together over the water and brought backward simultaneously through-out the race, subject to SW 8.5.
SW 8.3 All up and down movements of the legs must be simultaneous. The legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other. A breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted.
SW 8.4 At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously, at, above or below the water surface.
SW 8.5 At the start and at turns, a swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks and one arm pull under the water, which must bring him to the surface. It shall be permissible for a swimmer to be completely submerged for a distance of not more than 15 metres after the start and after each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface. The swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish.


Singapore Swimming Proficiency Award

Singapore Swimming Proficiency Award 


The Singapore Swimming Proficiency Award(SSPA) is an award structure based on a swimmer’s ability to swim any of the four recognised strokes in compliance with FINA rules for competitive swimming.



Objectives:

1: To provide the progression for swimming after SwimSafer

2: To raise the level of swimming proficiency of swimmers

3: To provide a talent pool for the next generation of Singapore competitive swimmers

4: To increase the level of technical expertise among our swimming coaches



Criteria:
1: All strokes are to be swim in compliance with FINA rules for competitive swimming
2: A swimmer may wish to challenge himself by attempting and particular level of swim test
3: Minimum criteria – SwimSafer Stage 1
4: Students to go through training for freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, start and turn with timing included

Awards:
1: A total of 20 certificates and badges to be attained




To find out more about swimming lessons

Swimming for Beginners Singapore

Swimming for Beginners Singapore


Children learning to swim should be starting from a shallow pool where they can easily step and stand up thus give them more comfortable and peace of mind while the child’s development of water confidence. The key is for youngsters to learn to have fun in the pool.



Most parents find structured swimming lessons (available through local swimming pools, private swim schools and sometimes local clubs) are the best way to teach specific skills and water safety.


Most local public swimming complex provide Swimsafer swimming lessons for young people to learn to swim and many will point children in the direction of further opportunities once they have learnt to swim. 

Children who pass swimsafer gold they can either go Life saving 123 by Singapore Life Saving Society or Singapore Swimming Proficiency Award 

The Swim to Survive swim school partnership with swimming coaches who teach in local public swimming complex, swim coaches are qualified nationally-recognised by the National Registry of Coaches (NROC).




http://swim2survive.com/

Monday, September 30, 2013

Happy Fish Swimming Singapore | Amelia's Swim like a Happy Fish

Amelia's Swimming Lesson at The Chuan Condominium. Every Tuesday 4pm.



Monday, April 22, 2013

Water Safety tips


What are the hazards for children of being around water?

Water is hazardous for young children. In fact, as much fun as water can be, it's dangerous no matter where you find it – in a bucket, bowl, toilet, tub, sink, puddle, pool, or elsewhere. Parents can avoid tragedy by remembering that a baby or toddler can drown in less than an inch of water.

The best way to protect your child from accidental drowning is to remove even the smallest source of water from her play area, and if water is present, don't take your eyes off her for a minute. If you're at a pool or beach, it's fine to let her splash and play to her heart's content – as long as you're watching and within arms' reach.

What about water safety in the bathtub?

There are several things to remember when bathing your child, but the most important is to never leave your child unattended in a bathtub, even for a minute. If the phone rings and you must answer it, wrap him in a towel and take him with you.
  • Cover the tub surface with a rubber suction mat to prevent slipping and only fill the tub with 3 to 4 inches of warm water. Support your baby's back at all times if he can't sit up securely on his own. Put a soft cover over the faucet so he doesn't hurt his head if he bumps into it.
  • Check the water temperature with your hand before putting your baby in the tub.
  • Keep the temperature of the water from the faucet less than 120 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent scalding. Adjust your water heater if necessary.
  • Don't allow your child to drink the bathwater or submerge his eyes and head. The soap and shampoos could irritate his eyes and intestinal tract.
  • Keep the toilet lid and bathroom door closed when not in use, or get a lid lock for the toilet.

When is it safe to bring my child to a pool or lake?

You may want to wait to go to a pool or lake with your child until she can hold her head up on her own (usually by 4 or 5 months). If your child is old enough to go into the water with you, follow these seven water safety steps:
  • Take an infant/child CPR course.
  • Update your pool or spa drain with an anti-entrapment drain cover or other drain safety system, such as an automatic pump shut off. Pool drains have been named one of the top five hidden home hazards by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). The suction from a pool drain can be strong enough to hold even an adult underwater, pulling on the hair or on the body and forming a seal. Missing or faulty covers often cause the problem – and an upgrade may save a life.
  • Make sure the water is warm enough, preferably between 85 and 87 degrees Fahrenheit. This is especially important for infants who can get hypothermia when exposed to water below 85 degrees.
  • Pool water should be properly chlorinated, and natural bodies of water should be unpolluted and safe for wading. Also, it's best not to let your child swim in a public pool or lake until she's potty trained. But if you choose to let her take a dip, have her wear a swim diaper and change it frequently.
  • Don't put a baby under the water. Although infants naturally hold their breath under water, they continue to swallow.
  • If you have a plastic wading pool, drain it and store it in an upright position after each use. If you have a permanent pool, make sure it's enclosed with a fence that's at least 4 feet high and install a self-closing, self-latching gate that opens away from the pool. After swimming, remove any toys from the water and deck, and make sure there's nothing your child can climb on to get over your pool's fence. Always lock the gate leading to the pool after each use.
  • Make sure the pool or lake is equipped with rescue equipment and a readily accessible phone for emergencies, or take your cell phone to the pool in case of emergency. If you're at home, take the cordless outside so you won't be tempted to run into the house to grab a call.

When can my child start taking swimming lessons?

There's no substitute for adult supervision when it comes to pool safety.  swimming lessons can't be relied on to protect your child.
That said, kids may not be developmentally ready for swim lessons until they turn 4. Deciding whether or not to enroll your child in lessons should be based on how often your child's around water, his emotional development, and his physical abilities.
As soon as you start bringing your child into the water, begin conveying simple water safety rules such as:
  • Don't go near water without an adult.
  • Never push another child under the water.
  • Don't run on the pool deck or boat dock.
  • Always jump in feet first.
Even children who aren't talking yet understand a lot more than they let on. One day your child will surprise you by repeating an oft-heard safety phrase, and as he gets older and really learns to swim, he'll be familiar with the basics of water safety.

https://www.facebook.com/swim2survive
http://www.swim2survive.com/

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

The Water-Babies


Aqua tots

By PATSY KAM

Babies as young as three months old can be taught how to swim.

THERE’s a book entitled The Water-Babies written in the style of Victorian-era novels by Reverend Charles Kingsley, about a young chimney sweep who is transformed into a water baby when he dies. I’ve forgotten most of the story but what I do remember is the cover picture which had cute naked babies swimming around underwater.

What’s amazing is that it’s entirely possible to have babies that young swimming on their own (at least for a short distance). I witnessed this at a private pool in Petaling Jaya, where a group of babies and toddlers ranging in age from five months to three years old were bobbing in and out of the water quite comfortably, accompanied by their parents.
Innate quality: Experts will tell you that babies up to six months old are natural swimmers, thanks to their diving reflex.
It all started with a group of mothers eight years ago who were concerned about the high risk of children drowning. Compounded by the fact that one-third of all drowning victims involve children below the age of 10 (as reported by the Life Saving Society Malaysia), these resolute mothers set out to educate their own children and equip them with rudimentary swimming skills.
“My main objective was to get my children to be able to kick, blow bubbles and feel confident underwater so that they could be safe in the water. My daughter (now four years old) was 11 weeks when I first took her out to the pool where we lived (then, in a condominium),” says Margaret Wing, who runs her own public relations agency. Her son, now eight years old, could easily complete a lap or two while holding his breath underwater from a very young age.
“What’s important is that you don’t panic or transfer fear to your children. Applaud them when they willingly put their head under (with supervision). When babies are comfortable in water, they instinctively know how to lift their heads above water or at least hold their breath long enough for the parent to quickly reach out and grab them out,” adds Wing.
Since there aren’t any classes in Malaysia that cater to children that young, Wing and her friends decided to hold informal lessons and teach their children themselves.
“At that young age, babies don’t really understand instructions from a swimming coach anyway. By teaching them to swim at that young age, you’re also bonding with your kids and tapping their natural diving reflex before they lose it. Swimming will also help with co-ordination and increase their lung capacity for air.”
Experts will tell you that babies up to six months old are natural swimmers, thanks to their diving reflex. Just like when adults block their air passage during swallowing, babies can naturally block their throats so they don’t swallow water. They can move their arms and legs, and this explains why babies sometimes swim with their mouths open.
Margaret Wing: ‘The whole idea is to create awareness.
Much of the information on teaching techniques was gleaned from the Internet and books like Water Babies by Fran├žoise Barbira Freedman and The Parent Child and Preschool Aquatic Proper Manual.
Wing and her friends also sang nursery rhymes, instilling learning through play techniques while in the water. The babies were encouraged to achieve simple milestones such as getting used to being in the water by six months old, jumping in and letting go of the parent by eight months, and swimming short lengths by 12 months.
“The whole idea of this ‘programme’ is to create awareness. You never know when an accident might happen and a child gets pushed in,” she says. Wing isn’t continuing with her baby sessions any more as her own children are too old for the group but she hopes other parents are encouraged to start their own swim teams.
Chan Yee Send has two children, age four and two years old, in Wing’s swimming group. She read up on the subject on her own and started her children when they were just three months old.
“At home, I would sprinkle water on my children’s heads in the bath tub and teach them how to hold their breath when they were a few months old. I always have a smile ready when they come out of the water so they’re assured everything’s fine,” explains Chan.
“All it takes is just 15 to 30 minutes per session in the pool at regular intervals. When they were older, I went to the pool at the condo where I live.
“Many parents leave their children with their maids to watch over them so it defeats the purpose if you’re thinking of bonding with your children.
“I’m trying to get a small swimming group going at my place, but it’s not easy as Malaysian parents tend to be more reserved and don’t quite grasp the concept of learning through play.”
For New Zealanders Jono and Lina Snell, their son Isaac, who is 28 months old, already knew the basics by the time they came to Malaysia over a year ago.
“Back home, it was very common for parents to send their children as young as 10 weeks old to the local pool (which is heated). It costs NZ$150 (RM277) for 10 lessons at 30 minutes each.
“By the second lesson, the babies are already taught how to swim through hoops. Here, there’s no such programme available for such small children so we joined Margaret’s group to keep Isaac’s interest going,” says Jono.